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Zebrafish: An in vivo model for the study of neurological diseases

Authors Best JD, Alderton WK

Published 6 June 2008 Volume 2008:4(3) Pages 567—576


J D Best, Wendy K Alderton

Summit (Cambridge) Ltd., Beach Drive, Cambridge, UK

Abstract: As the population ages, there is a growing need for effective therapies for the treatment of neurological diseases. A limited number of therapeutics are currently available to improve cognitive function and research is limited by the need for in vivo models. Zebrafish have recently become a focus of neurobehavioral studies since larvae display neuropathological and behavioral phenotypes that are quantifiable and relate to those seen in man. Due to the small size of Zebrafish larvae, assays can be undertaken in 96 well plates and as the larvae can live in as little as 200 μl of fluid, only a few milligrams of compound are needed for screening. Thus in vivo analysis of the effects of compounds can be undertaken at much earlier stages in the drug discovery process. This review will look at the utility of the zebrafish in the study of neurological diseases and its role in improving the throughput of candidate compounds in in vivo screens.

Keywords: Zebrafish, aging, neurobehavior, neurological disease

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