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ypTNM category combined with AJCC tumor regression grade for screening patients with the worst prognosis after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer

Authors Wei JW, Huang R, Guo SP, Zhang XH, Xi SY, Wang QX, Chang H, Wang XH, Xiao WW, Zeng ZF, Gao YH

Received 4 July 2018

Accepted for publication 18 September 2018

Published 31 October 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 5219—5225


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

Jiawang Wei,1–3,* Rong Huang,3,* Suping Guo,1,2,* Xuhui Zhang,1,2 Shaoyan Xi,1,4 Qiaoxuan Wang,1,2 Hui Chang,1,2 Xiaohao Wang,1,2 Weiwei Xiao,1,2 Zhifan Zeng,1,2 Yuanhong Gao1,2

1State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Oncology, Ganzhou People’s Hospital, Ganzhou, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Pathology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of the postsurgical pathological T and N (ypTN) category combined with the American Joint Committee on Cancer-tumor regression grade (AJCC-TRG) in evaluating the prognosis of neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (NeoCRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) to screen for a subgroup of patients with the worst prognosis.
Patients and methods: In total, 265 patients with LARC were enrolled in the trial. All patients received NeoCRT. Total mesorectal excision was performed 6–8 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy. The surgical specimens were re-evaluated based on the AJCC-TRG (seventh edition) and the AJCC-tumor-node-metastasis (TNM; seventh edition) systems. We followed up these patients and calculated their overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), local recurrence-free survival (RFS), and distant metastasis (DM)-free survival (MFS) rates through the Kaplan–Meier analysis. The logrank test was further applied to evaluate the predictive value of the ypTN stage combined with AJCC-TRG for several survival indexes.
Results: The median follow-up period was 65.1 months. The 5-year OS, DFS, RFS, and MFS rates were 79.4%, 68.8%, 94.4%, and 76.5%, respectively. There were significant differences in OS, DFS, and MFS rates among different ypT+AJCC-TRG and ypN+AJCC-TRG subgroups. The 5-year OS, DFS, and MFS rates for ypT3–4+TRG 1 and ypT3–4+TRG2–3 subgroups were 73.9% vs 65.3%, 61.2% vs 52.9%, and 65.0% vs 61.5%, respectively. The 5-year OS, DFS, and MFS rates for ypN1–2+TRG 0–1 and ypN1–2+TRG2–3 subgroups were 64.8% vs 54.1%, 44.9% vs 41.7%, and 61.4% vs 46.3%, respectively.
Conclusion: The ypTNM category combined with the AJCC-TRG can more accurately evaluate the prognosis of patients with LARC and identify the subgroup of patients with the worst prognosis and high risk of developing DM, thereby demonstrating clinical significance in guiding individualized postoperative adjuvant therapy and follow-up for LARC.

Keywords: ypTNM, NeoCRT, rectal cancer, locally advanced rectal cancer, LARC, AJCC

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