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Why Are Children With Bronchiolitis At Risk Of Urinary Tract Infections?

Authors Hendaus MA

Received 9 July 2019

Accepted for publication 30 October 2019

Published 14 November 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 251—254

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S222470

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Moulshree Kohli

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau


Mohamed A Hendaus1,2

1Department of Pediatrics, Section of Academic General Pediatrics, Sidra Medicine, Doha, Qatar; 2Department of Clinical Pediatrics, Weill- Cornell Medicine, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence: Mohamed A Hendaus
Department of Pediatrics, Sidra Medicine, Doha 26999, Qatar
Tel +974-4003-6559
Email mhendaus@yahoo.com

Abstract: Viral respiratory infections are frequently eliminated from human bodies without any sequelae. Secondary serious bacterial infection (SBI) in children with acute bronchiolitis has been an apprehension expressed by health care providers. Several published studies have shown an association between acute bronchiolitis and secondary bacterial infection, including urinary tract infections (UTI). However, the proposed mechanism by which a virus can induce UTIs is not yet known. The aim of this commentary is to update the current evidence of risk of UTI in children with bronchiolitis. We present several clinical studies related to the topic as well as a brief review of the potential pathophysiology of secondary infections that could present with viral respiratory illness.

Keywords: bronchiolitis, infection, urine

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