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Visual outcome and complications of cataract extraction after pars plana vitrectomy

Authors Rey A, Jürgens I, Maseras X, Dyrda A, Pera P, Morilla A

Received 1 January 2018

Accepted for publication 15 March 2018

Published 25 May 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 989—994


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Amanda Rey, Ignasi Jürgens, Xavier Maseras, Agnieszka Dyrda, Patricia Pera, Antonio Morilla

Department of Ophthalmology, Institut Catala de Retina (ICR), Barcelona, Spain

Purpose: To evaluate the visual outcomes and complications of phacoemulsification in previously vitrectomized eyes.
Patients and methods: A retrospective analysis of 87 consecutive vitrectomized eyes (87 patients) which had undergone phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation between 2013 and 2016.
Results: The mean interval from pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) to cataract surgery (CS) was 18.8 months. Mean age at CS was 61.5 years. Intraoperative complications included anterior rhexis tear (1 eye) and hyphema (1 eye). Postoperative complications included macular edema (17.2%, mean 42 days), posterior capsule opacification (13.8%, mean 14 months), ocular hypertension (11.5%), and anterior uveitis (1.1%). Preoperative mean best-corrected visual acuity improved from 20/50 to 20/25. Ninety-one percent of the eyes gained 2 or more lines, and 95% achieved visual acuity ≥20/40 after CS. Preoperative mean spherical equivalent improved from -4.35 to -0.17. Eyes with clear lens prior to the PPV had later CS (clear lens 27.1 vs no clear lens 9.7 months; p=0.016). Patients >55 years with clear lens at PPV (n=21) had earlier CS than younger ones with clear lens (n=24) (11.8 vs 40.5 months; p=0.033). Mean follow-up was 14.5 months.
Conclusion: Phacoemulsification is a safe procedure in vitrectomized eyes, with substantial gains in vision in most cases. Patients of advanced age and eyes without clear lens prior to the PPV had earlier CS.

Keywords: cataract surgery, intraocular lens, pars plana vitrectomy, vitreoretinal surgery

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