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Vessel Density in Glaucoma of Different Entities as Measured with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

Authors Lommatzsch C, Rothaus K, Koch JM, Heinz C, Grisanti S

Received 7 September 2019

Accepted for publication 14 November 2019

Published 17 December 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 2527—2534

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S230192

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


C Lommatzsch,1 K Rothaus,1 JM Koch,1 C Heinz,1,2 S Grisanti3

1Department of Ophthalmology, St. Franziskus Hospital, Muenster 48145, Germany; 2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Essen, Essen, Germany; 3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany

Correspondence: C Lommatzsch
Department of Ophthalmology, St. Franziskus Hospital, Hohenzollernring 74, Muenster 48145, Germany
Tel +49 2519352711
Fax +49 2519352719
Email claudia.lommatzsch@augen-franziskus.de

Purpose: To compare papillary and macular vessel density (VD), as measured by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), in eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and exfoliation glaucoma (XFG).
Methods: The papillary and macular VD of 40 eyes with POAG, 19 with NTG and 21 with XFG were examined using OCTA (AngioVue™). The VD was measured at two different layers of segmentation (optic nerve head: radial peripapillary capillary [RPC] and nerve head [NH]; macula: superficial [SL] and deep [DL] retinal vascular plexus) with a 4.5×4.5mm papillary and 6×6-mm macular scan. VD was calculated by an automated density measuring tool in the AngioVue™ software.
Results: There were no significant differences in the total value of the papillary, peripapillary and macular VD. A significantly higher VD could be measured for NTG compared to POAG, as well as for XFG in the inferior nasal peripapillary sector at RPC-segmentation and at the NH-level between NDG and XFG.
Conclusion: OCTA can detect a difference in VD in the nasal inferior peripapillary sector in NTG compared with POAG and XFG. These findings may help to improve the understanding of further pathophysiological mechanisms.

Keywords: OCT angiography, glaucoma entities, blood flow, vessel density

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