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Validity and Reliability of a Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Attitudes Questionnaire Among Allied Health Profession Students

Authors Oteir AO, Kanaan SF, Alwidyan MT, Almhdawi KA, Williams B

Received 12 November 2020

Accepted for publication 14 January 2021

Published 2 March 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 83—90


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Hans-Christoph Pape

Alaa O Oteir,1,2 Saddam F Kanaan,3 Mahmoud T Alwidyan,1 Khader A Almhdawi,3 Brett Williams2

1Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Paramedicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; 3Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

Correspondence: Alaa O Oteir
Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technolgy, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid, 22110, Jordan
Email [email protected]

Aim: To investigate the structural validity and internal consistency of a cardiopulmonary resuscitation attitudes questionnaire among Allied Health Professions (AHP) university students.
Methods: Structural validity of a 17-item questionnaire was tested using principal component analysis. A group of AHP university students completed the questionnaire. Internal consistency of the questionnaire was measured by Cronbach’s α.
Results: A total of 856 AHP students completed the questionnaire (mean age= 20.8 (± 1.1) years, 74.0% were females). The analysis reduced a 17-item questionnaire to an 11-item questionnaire. The final questionnaire had three distinct factors; (1) attitudes towards mouth-to-mouth ventilation (MMV), (2) attitudes towards chest compressions (CC), and (3) the importance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It had factor loadings ranging from 0.629 to 0.878 and could explain 66% of the variance in the attitude. The questionnaire had acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach α=0.83; 95% CI=81.5) and was feasible with no floor or ceiling effect.
Conclusion: The 11-item CPR attitude questionnaire had acceptable structural validity and internal consistency and good parsimony and unidimensionality. The questionnaire can be used to measure the university students’ attitude and assess the effectiveness of CPR training activities. Future studies are required to measure the responsiveness and applicability to other cohorts.

Keywords: cardiopulmonary resuscitation, attitude, questionnaire psychometric properties, allied health professions

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