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Validation of the Indonesian version of Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale for breast self-examination

Authors Dewi TK

Received 13 June 2018

Accepted for publication 13 August 2018

Published 4 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 433—438


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 6

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman

Triana Kesuma Dewi

Department of Clinical Psychology and Mental Health, Faculty of Psychology, Airlangga University, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

Purpose: The present study aimed to adapt and determine the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale (I-CHBMS) of breast self-examination in the measurement of belief toward breast cancer screening.
Subjects and methods: A convenience sample of 406 Indonesian women aged 19–60 years was recruited. This study was conducted in Surabaya from December 2016 to January 2017. The I-CHBMS applied a “forward–backward” translation procedure to translate from the English version into Indonesian. Validity of the I-CHBMS was assessed using content, face, and construct validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the construct validity. Reliability was measured using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient.
Results: The result of confirmatory factor analysis indicated 42 items of I-CHBMS with six-factor solution (susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, cues to action and self efficacy) were acceptable as a new instrument. Cronbach’s alpha of the subscale ranged from 0.669 to 0.866, indicating a good range of reliability.
Conclusion: The finding of the study suggested that I-CHBMS of breast self-examination practice has good psychometric properties and could be an appropriate measure for health beliefs related to breast cancer screening.

Keywords: breast cancer, CHBMS, Indonesian version of CHBMS, psychometric properties

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