Validation of clinical control in COPD as a new tool for optimizing treatment
Received 25 June 2018
Accepted for publication 12 October 2018
Published 14 November 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 3719—3731
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Juan José Soler-Cataluña,1,2 Maribel Marzo,3 Pablo Catalán,1 Cristina Miralles,1 Bernardino Alcazar,2,4 Marc Miravitlles2,5
1Pneumology Department, Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, Valencia, Spain; 2CIBER of Respiratory Diseases (CIBERES), Spain; 3Emergency Department, Hospital General de Requena, Valencia, Spain; 4Respiratory Department, Hospital de Alta Resolución de Loja, Granada, Spain; 5Pneumology Department, University Hospital Vall d’Hebron/Vall d’Hebron Research Institute (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain
Background: It has recently been proposed that the concept of clinical control in COPD may be useful for deciding treatment in COPD, but the original control criteria (OCC) were considered too restrictive.
Objective: Define and subsequently validate “modified” control criteria (MCC) of COPD.
Method: Prospective observational study in COPD patients with a 1-year follow-up. Control was defined as the presence of low clinical impact and clinical stability. To evaluate clinical impact, the following clinical parameters were assessed: the degree of dyspnea, use of rescue medication, physical activity, and sputum color. Stability was assessed by clinical changes and exacerbations in the last 3 months. The COPD assessment test score and their changes were also evaluated as alternative control criteria. To define the MCC, adjustment for disease severity using BODEx index (MCC-B) or FEV1 (MCC-F) was evaluated, and the best cutoff point was established. Time to first combined event (emergency visit, hospitalization, or death) was analyzed to evaluate the predictive capacity of risk of the OCC, MCC-B, and MCC-F.
Results: We included 265 patients, 224 (83.9%) men, with a mean age (±SD) of 68±9 years and FEV1 of 58%±17%. The proportion of controlled patients was higher using clinical MCC-B or MCC-F (61.5% and 59.6%) than OCC (27.5%). Similar percentages were found using COPD assessment test scores. The time to the first combined event was significantly greater in controlled patients using MCC criteria (P<0.001, all cases). The predictive capacity of risk was similar in MCC-B (c-statistic [C]=0.639) and MCC-F (C=0.637) and higher than OCC (C=0.589).
Conclusions: The new MCC identified a higher number of controlled COPD patients. These patients have a better quality of life and lower risk of poor outcomes. The concept of control and the new MCC could be a useful tool to optimize therapy.
Keywords: COPD, control, CAT, outcomes
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