Validation of 14,500 operated knees registered in the Danish Knee Ligament Reconstruction Register: registration completeness and validity of key variables
Lene Rahr-Wagner,1,2 Theis M Thillemann,1 Martin C Lind,1 Alma B Pedersen2
1Division of Sports Trauma, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, Denmark; 2Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, Denmark
Introduction: The aim of this study was to validate the registration in the Danish Knee Ligament Reconstruction Register (DKRR) by assessing the registration completeness of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction code and detecting the validity of important key variables. Furthermore, we assessed data quality of patient-related outcome scores.
Material and methods: All operation codes for ACL reconstruction from 2005–2011 were identified in the Danish National Registry of Patients and were compared with the cases registered in the DKRR to compute the completeness of registration. We also assessed the validity of key variables in the DKRR using medical records as a reference standard to compute the positive predictive value. Finally, we assessed potential differences between responders and nonresponders to subjective patient-related outcome scores (Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score [KOOS] and Tegner scores) 1 year after surgery.
Results: The completeness of the registration of patients in the DKRR increased from 60% (2005) to 86% (2011). Large-volume hospitals had a higher completeness than small-volume hospitals. With a positive predictive value between 85%–100%, the validity of key variables was good. KOOS scores versus Tegner scores for responders and nonresponders were comparable.
Conclusion: The results show a good registration of ACL reconstruction procedures in the DKRR, but there is room for improvement mainly at small-volume hospitals. Overall, the validity of the key variables in the DKRR was good and no difference was found in KOOS and Tegner scores for responders versus nonresponders. Therefore, we conclude that the DKRR is a valid source for future research.
Keywords: ACL, anterior cruciate ligament registry, predictive value
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