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Utilization of cross-matched blood in elective thyroid and parathyroid surgeries: a single-center retrospective study

Authors Alahmari AF, Marzouki HZ, MS Alsallum, Subki AH, Merdad M

Received 9 July 2018

Accepted for publication 9 January 2019

Published 8 February 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 87—90


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Abdulmajeed Fahad Alahmari, Hani Z Marzouki, Mohammed Saad Alsallum, Ahmed Hussein Subki, Mazin Merdad

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Background: Hospital blood banks face the common challenge of maintaining an adequate supply of blood products to serve all potential patients while minimizing the need to discard expired blood products. This study aimed to determine the risk of blood transfusion during elective thyroid and parathyroid surgery and potential factors related to blood loss and risk of transfusion in these cases.
Methods: The study included all thyroid and parathyroid surgeries performed at King Abdulaziz University Hospital between January 2015 and December 2017. After exclusion of patients with incomplete data, 179 patients with complete data who had undergone thyroid and parathyroid surgery were analyzed.
Results: Of the 179 patients included in this study, 33 (18.4%) were male. Overall, patients had a mean age and body-mass index of 44.55±13.67 years and 27.66±5.38 kg/m2, respectively. The mean duration of surgery was 168.48±90.69 minutes. None of the patients had a history of previous radiotherapy, bleeding disorder, or blood transfusion. Benign goiter was the most common finding (n=78, 43.6%), followed by papillary carcinoma (n=49, 27.4%). During surgery, most patients (n=136, 76.0%) experienced minimal blood loss. None of the patients in our cohort (n= 179) required any blood transfusion or products.
Conclusion: In this study, we aimed to audit the surgical blood-ordering and -transfusion practices associated with elective thyroid and parathyroid surgeries at our institution. These practices are intended to balance the availability of blood products with the avoidance of unnecessary wastage. In our study of patients who underwent elective thyroid and parathyroid surgeries, parathyroid surgeries, none required blood transfusion.

Keywords: cross-matched blood, thyroid surgery, parathyroid surgery

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