Use of videophone technology to address medication adherence issues in persons with HIV
Michael J Skrajner1, Cameron J Camp1, Jessica L Haberman1, Timothy G Heckman2, Arlene Kochman3, Cristina Frentiu1
1Hearthstone Alzheimer Care, Willoughby, OH, USA; 2Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Northfield, OH, USA; 3Callen-Lorde Community Health Center, New York, NY, USA
Abstract: Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) medication regimens is vital to maintaining suppression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but persons with HIV face many challenges to adhering consistently to HIV medication regimens. This is particularly true for persons who live in geographically-isolated areas or who have significant levels of cognitive compromise. A videophone-based version of Reynolds’ HAART CARE (HC) telephone intervention for medication adherence was pilot-tested with 23 persons living with HIV residing in both urban and non-urban communities. The purpose of the pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptance of an adherence improvement intervention administered via videophones. Furthermore, the feasibility and acceptability of conducting HIV pill counts through videophones were assessed. The videophone version of HC produced significant increases in self-reported rates of medication adherence and was generally well-received by interventionists and participants. Pill counts conducted via videophone were also well-accepted by participants. Self-reported adherence levels were higher than videophone-based pill count adherence levels. Challenges to the use of videophones included the requirement that only analog landlines be used, poor quality of video and audio transmissions, and high cost for equipment. Methods to overcome these challenges are discussed.
Keywords: videophone, HIV, HAART, adherence
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