Use of immunomagnetic reduction for C-reactive protein assay in clinical samples
Chien-Hsi Chang,1 Zhi-Xian Lai,1 Hsiu-Li Lin,2 Che-Chuan Yang,3 Hsin-Hsien Chen,3,4 Shieh-Yueh Yang,5 Herng-Er Horng,3 Chin-Yih Hong,6 Hong-Chang Yang,4 Hsiu-Chen Lin1,7
1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, 2Department of Neurology, General Cathay Hospital, Sijhih Branch, 3Institute of Electro-optical Science and Technology, National Taiwan Normal University, 4Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, 5MagQu Co, Ltd, Sindian District, New Taipei City, 6Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nan-Kai University of Technology, Nan-tau County, 7Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
Background: Magnetic nanoparticles biofunctionalized with antibodies are able to recognize and bind to the corresponding antigens. In this work, anti-C-reactive protein (CRP) antibody was covalently conjugated onto the surface of magnetic nanoparticles to label CRP specifically in serum.
Methods: The level of serum CRP was detected by immunomagnetic reduction (IMR) assay, which identifies the changes in the magnetic signal representing the level of interaction between antibody-conjugated magnetic nanoparticles and CRP proteins. To investigate the feasibility of IMR for clinical application, pure CRP solutions and 40 human serum samples were tested for IMR detection of CRP to characterize sensitivity, specificity, and interference.
Results: In comparison with the immunoturbidimetry assay, the results of the IMR assay indicated higher sensitivity and had a high correlation with those of the current immunoturbidimetry assay.
Conclusion: We have developed a novel and promising way to assay CRP in human serum using immunomagnetic reduction in clinical diagnosis.
Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles, immunomagnetic reduction, C-reactive protein
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