Use of angle kappa in myopic photorefractive keratectomy
Authors Khakshoor H, McCaughey M, Vejdani AH, Daneshvar R, Moshirfar M
Received 6 July 2014
Accepted for publication 29 July 2014
Published 29 January 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 193—195
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Hamid Khakshoor,1 Michael V McCaughey,2 Amir Hossein Vejdani,1 Ramin Daneshvar,1 Majid Moshirfar3
1Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran; 2Department of Ophthalmology, The University of New Mexico, School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM, USA; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Francis I Proctor Foundation, University of California San Francisco, CA, USA
Purpose: To explore utilization of the coaxially sighted corneal light reflex (CSCLR) for centration during myopic photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for patients with relatively high angle kappa (κ) values.
Methods: Patients were stratified into two groups preoperatively, on the basis of angle κ values. Group A was composed of 166 eyes with an angle κ value <5°. Group B consisted of 182 eyes with an angle κ value >5°. Intraoperative centering of ablation was performed within group A by utilizing the pupillary center, and within group B by using the CSCLR. Visual acuities were evaluated and compared at 6 months and 12 months postoperatively between groups.
Results: Mean uncorrected visual acuities (UCVA) for all patients at 6 months and 12 months were -0.073 logMAR and -0.080 logMAR, respectively. A total of 98.9% of patients had a UCVA of 0.00 logMAR (≈20/20 Snellen) 12 months postoperatively. There was not a significant between-group difference in regard to residual refractive error at 6 months or 12 months (P=0.53 and P=0.97), or in UCVA at 6 months and 12 months (P=0.76 and P=0.17). There were no subjective complaints of monocular diplopia, glare, or haloes within either group at any time during follow-up.
Conclusion: Availing use of the CSCLR for centration of ablation within myopic patients with high angle κ values may aid in providing better refractive outcomes after performance of PRK.
Keywords: angle kappa, photorefractive keratectomy, PRK, CSCLR, myopia, Purkinje reflex
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]