Use of a Long-Acting Opioid Microsphere Formulation to Overcome Difficulties in Swallowing Pain Medication
Authors Anderson N, Gillman AG, Wasan AD
Received 14 February 2020
Accepted for publication 17 April 2020
Published 6 May 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 955—960
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael Schatman
Nathan Anderson,1 Andrea G Gillman,1 Ajay D Wasan1,2
1Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; 2UPMC Pain Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Correspondence: Ajay D Wasan Tel +1 412 665 8048
Fax +1 412 665 8033
Purpose: Xtampza ER® (XER) is a long-acting oxycodone formulation which was designed to be abuse-deterrent and to overcome capsule-swallowing issues. This pilot study evaluated the effectiveness of XER at reducing swallowing difficulty while providing effective analgesia in the setting of chronic pain.
Subjects and Methods: Eleven subjects with chronic pain who reported pill-swallowing difficulty were enrolled in a 6-week uncontrolled open-label pilot study in which their prescribed daily opioid medication was converted to XER. Swallowing difficulty, pain intensity, opioid satisfaction, and secondary indicators of pain response were recorded for subjects throughout the study.
Results: Both swallowing difficulty and opioid satisfaction (XER vs baseline opioid) improved significantly over the 6-week study period (p < 0.05), while pain intensity ratings demonstrated no significant change. No significant change was noted in any of the secondary pain, mental health, or physical function measures after conversion to XER compared to baseline.
Conclusion: Subjects experienced improvement in both swallowing and opioid medication satisfaction after conversion to XER with no significant change in pain intensity and related measures.
Keywords: opioid medication, swallowing difficulty, chronic pain, abuse deterrent formulation