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Upregulated LAMB3 increases proliferation and metastasis in thyroid cancer

Authors Wang Y, Jin Y, Bhandari A, Yao Z, Yang F, Pan Y, Zheng Z, Lv S, Wang O

Received 21 August 2017

Accepted for publication 14 November 2017

Published 21 December 2017 Volume 2018:11 Pages 37—46


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ingrid Espinoza

Yinghao Wang,* Yixiang Jin,* Adheesh Bhandari, Zhihan Yao, Fan Yang, Yiyuan Pan, Zhouci Zheng, Shixu Lv, Ouchen Wang

Department of Surgical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Thyroid cancer is the most commonly reported endocrine malignancy, and its increased incidence has been the highest in all human tumors in recent decades. To investigate the mechanism of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) occurrence and progression, we performed RNA sequencing and found an upregulated gene, LAMB3. However, the biological function of LAMB3 is still not clear.
Materials and methods: We analyzed LAMB3 expression using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and hypothesized LAMB3 to be a gene associated with PTC. To test this hypothesis, we collected 89 pairs of thyroid nodules and adjacent normal thyroid tissues (56 pairs of PTCs, 33 pairs of benign thyroid nodules). Afterward, we performed real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to investigate LAMB3 expression in thyroid nodule patients, and then analyzed clinicopathologic features. We performed proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion assays to determine the function of LAMB3 in PTC.
Results: We demonstrated that LAMB3 plays oncogenic roles in PTC. The relative expression of LAMB3 is significantly upregulated in PTC compared with matched thyroid normal tissues in validated cohort and TCGA cohort (P<0.001). We also checked area under the curve (AUC of receiver operator characteristic [ROC]) of 97.3% for validated cohort and 90.1% for TCGA cohort to differentiate PTC tumors from normal tissues. In clinicopathologic feature analysis, we found that upregulated LAMB3 is closely related to lymph node metastasis (P=0.018). Furthermore, knockdown of LAMB3 inhibited the proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasive capacity of PTC.
Conclusion: This study indicated that LAMB3 is a gene associated with PTC.

Keywords: papillary thyroid cancer, LAMB3, PTC

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