Update on the use of Trandolapril in the management of cardiovascular disorders
Ariel Diaz1, Anique Ducharme2
1University of Montreal, Trois-Rivieres; 2Department of Medicine, Montreal Heart Institute Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Abstract: Trandolapril is a well known angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with many cardiovascular (CV) indications. The objectives of this article are to review the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics properties of trandolapril and to focus on its clinical relevance in cardiovascular medicine. Various populations have been studied in large clinical trials including patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), diabetics, patients with hypertension (HTN), stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and prevention of proteinuria. Long-term treatment with trandolapril in patients with reduced left ventricular function soon after AMI significantly reduced the risk of overall mortality, mortality from CV causes, sudden death, and the development of severe CHF. Treatment with trandolapril after AMI complicated by left ventricular dysfunction appears to be of considerable importance in patients with diabetes mellitus by saving lives and substantially reducing the risk of progression to severe CHF as well. Moreover, trandolapril reduces progression to proteinuria in high-risk patients. Some of the advantages of trandolapril over other ACE inhibitors are the wide spectrum of patient populations studied, the well established dosage and its proven trough-to-peak effect ratios permitting a safe once-a-day administration.
Keywords: trandolapril, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, hypertension cardiovascular diseases, diabetic nephropathy
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