Update on once-daily zonisamide monotherapy in partial seizures
Pegah Afra,1 Bola Adamolekun2
1Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, 2Department of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA
Abstract: Zonisamide is an antiepileptic drug that is structurally different from other antiepileptic agents. Its long half-life, once-daily dosing, lack of induction of hepatic enzymes, and broad spectrum of action makes it a suitable candidate for monotherapy. It has been approved as monotherapy for partial onset epilepsy in Japan and South Korea for more than a decade, and was recently approved as monotherapy in Europe. In the USA, it is only approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for adjunctive treatment of partial onset epilepsy. In this paper, we briefly review the literature on zonisamide monotherapy in partial onset epilepsy with regard to its efficacy, safety, tolerability, and long-term side effects, including a recent noninferiority trial in comparison with extended-release carbamazepine. While European regulatory agencies use noninferiority trials for approval of monotherapy, such a trial design does not meet the current regulatory requirements for approval as monotherapy in the USA.
Keyword: zonisamide, Zonegran, monotherapy
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]