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Unusual presentation of residual subretinal fluid composition after surgery for acute rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Authors Al Rashaed S

Received 12 November 2012

Accepted for publication 3 December 2012

Published 5 June 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 1069—1072

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S40208

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 6

Saba Al Rashaed

Vitreoretinal Division, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to report an unusual case of accumulation of residual subretinal fluid after surgery for acute rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, sparing the fovea. A 28-year-old male presented with a four-day history of acute visual loss in his right eye secondary to bulbous rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, sparing the fovea. The patient underwent an uneventful pars plana vitrectomy and scleral buckling procedure. At four weeks postoperatively (after complete gas resorption), the visual acuity was 20/40. However, the patient complained of blurred vision. A dilated fundus examination showed a flat retina and the presence of multiple yellowish subretinal deposits resembling vitelliform lesions in the macula. Some lesions were encroaching on the fovea, and were connected via a tract to a previous horseshoe tear with evidence of a thin layer of subretinal fluid. The patient symptoms persisted for one year postoperatively. However, the retina remained flat with evidence of retinal pigment epithelium mottling and faint scars corresponding to previous lesions. Persistent subretinal fluid with thick subretinal precipitate can occur even after successful surgery for acute retinal detachment sparing the fovea and cause visual dysfunction.

Keywords: rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, subretinal fluid composition, persistent subretinal fluid, visual dysfunction

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