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Umbilical cord blood transplantation supplemented with the infusion of mesenchymal stem cell for an adolescent patient with severe aplastic anemia: a case report and review of literature

Authors Luan C, Chen R, Chen B, Ding J, Ni M

Received 24 January 2015

Accepted for publication 26 April 2015

Published 11 June 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 759—765

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S81509

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu

Chengxin Luan, Runzhe Chen, Baoan Chen, Jiahua Ding, Ming Ni

Department of Hematology and Oncology (Key Department of Jiangsu Medicine), Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: Delayed hematopoietic recovery and increased rate of engraftment failure limit the use of umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT). We describe a case of severe aplastic anemia treated by UCBT combined with mesenchymal stem cells. Our case reveals that infusing mesenchymal stem cells early (about 40 days) after UCBT may promote hematopoietic recovery. This experience will guide clinical scientists, especially hematologists, to deal with similar situations and encourage them to widen this strategy.

Keywords: cord blood transplantation, mesenchymal stem cell, aplastic anemia

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