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Tungsten oxide-Au nanosized film composites for glucose oxidation and sensing in neutral medium

Authors Gougis M, Ma D, Mohamedi M

Received 4 September 2014

Accepted for publication 9 November 2014

Published 15 April 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 2939—2950

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S73770

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 7

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas J Webster

Maxime Gougis, Dongling Ma, Mohamed Mohamedi

INRS-Énergie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, Varennes, Québec, Canada


Abstract: In this work, we report for the first time the use of tungsten oxide (WOx) as catalyst support for Au toward the direct electrooxidation of glucose. The nanostructured WOx/Au electrodes were synthesized by means of laser-ablation technique. Both micro-Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed that the produced WOx thin film is amorphous and made of ultrafine particles of subnanometer size. X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that only metallic Au was present at the surface of the WOx/Au composite, suggesting that the WOx support did not alter the electronic structure of Au. The direct electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose in neutral medium such as phosphate buffered saline (pH 7.2) solution has been investigated with cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, and square-wave voltammetry. Sensitivity as high as 65.7 µA cm-2 mM-1 up to 10 mM of glucose and a low detection limit of 10 µM were obtained with square-wave voltammetry. This interesting analytical performance makes the laser-fabricated WOx/Au electrode potentially promising for implantable glucose fuel cells and biomedical analysis as the evaluation of glucose concentration in biological fluids. Finally, owing to its unique capabilities proven in this work, it is anticipated that the laser-ablation technique will develop as a fabrication tool for chip miniature-sized sensors in the near future.

Keywords: Au, tungsten oxide, nanostructures, pulsed laser deposition, glucose oxidation and sensing

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