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Trends in ophthalmology resident surgical experience from 2009 to 2015

Authors Chadha N, Liu J, Maslin J, Teng C

Received 12 February 2016

Accepted for publication 18 March 2016

Published 28 June 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 1205—1208

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S106293

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Gokcen Gökçe

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Nisha Chadha,1,2 Ji Liu,1 Jessica S Maslin,1 Christopher C Teng1

1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA

Background: Resident procedure minimums have been established in surgical training programs to ensure adequate training experience. However, achievement of these minimums may fluctuate. Review of resident experience is essential for maintaining successful training curricula.
Objective: To evaluate trends in ophthalmology resident surgical experience from 2009 to 2015.
Methods:
This was a database study reviewing Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ophthalmology resident surgical case logs. Case logs from 2,797 US ophthalmology residents were reviewed for trends in average surgical cases performed by residents as primary surgeon in the area of cataract, cornea, retina, glaucoma, pediatrics, plastics, and trauma from 2009 to 2015.
Results: Significant trends in resident surgical experience were demonstrated in the areas of cataract, retina, and glaucoma, while experience in cornea, pediatrics, plastics, and trauma remained stable. These trends included an increase in average cases of phacoemulsification cataract surgery from 143.8 to 173.6, vitreous tap/inject procedures from 31.3 to 93.1, and glaucoma shunt surgery from 4.5 to 6.7, with a decline in average cases of nonphacoemulsification cataract surgery from 3.8 to 2.2, retinal photocoagulation from 59.6 to 45.5, and filtering surgery from 6 to 4.5.
Conclusion: Trends in ophthalmology surgical experience in cataract, retina, and glaucoma paralleled new surgical or therapeutic developments as well as practice pattern shifts in these fields. Educators should be cognizant of the impact of such trends on resident experience and determine if curricular adjustments should be made to maintain comprehensive education of physicians-in-training.

Keywords:
ophthalmology education, resident education, surgical education

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