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Treatment options for refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma: an updated evidence synthesis by network meta-analysis

Authors Luo XW, Du XQ, Li JL, Liu XP, Meng XY

Received 26 February 2018

Accepted for publication 28 May 2018

Published 21 August 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 2817—2823


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

Xian-Wu Luo,1 Xue-Qing Du,2 Jie-Li Li,2 Xiao-Ping Liu,3,4 Xiang-Yu Meng3,4

1Department of Health Management, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, 2Department of Hematology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, 3Department of Evidence-Based Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Second Clinical School, Wuhan University, 4Center for Evidence-based and Translational Medicine, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

Background: The refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma (RRMM) remains a big clinical challenge, due to its biological and clinical complexity. Leading hematologists have performed many randomized controlled trials (RCTs) worldwide, and their findings were summarized in a recently published network meta-analysis (NMA) but with certain limitations.
Materials and methods: We performed an updated NMA of RCTs related to RRMM treatment, focusing on efficacy measures including the nonresponse rate (NRR), time to progression (TTP), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). The PubMed database was searched. We extended the literature search strategy of a previous NMA to June 30, 2017 and included additional primary RCTs. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) was calculated to rank the regimens. A weighted-average method was used to rank the regimens by summarizing SUCRAs across different outcome measures.
Results: Finally, a total of 24 RCTs were included in this updated NMA. According to the result, the combination of daratumumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone showed better efficacy than other regimens in terms of NRR, TTP, and PFS (NRR: odds ratio [OR] =0.046, 95% credible interval [CrI] =[0.024, 0.085]; TTP: hazard ratio [HR] =0.14, 95% CrI =[0.092, 0.2]; PFS: HR =0.12, 95% CrI =[0.077, 0.18], compared with dexamethasone singlet). The combination of ixazomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone showed better efficacy than other regimens in terms of OS (HR =0.30, 95% CrI =[0.17, 0.54], compared with dexamethasone). The combination of daratumumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone ranked first in terms of overall efficacy (weighted average of SUCRAs =0.920).
Conclusion: The combination of daratumumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone may currently be the most effective regimen in the population of RRMM patients. Triplet regimens containing daratumumab, ixazomib, carfilzomib, or elotumumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone can be recommended as first-line therapies for RRMM patients.

Keywords: multiple myeloma, refractory/relapsed, treatment regimens, efficacy, network meta-analysis

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