Treatment options for postmenopausal osteoporosis
Garry M Walsh
Division of Applied Medicine, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom
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Bone is a complex tissue that, in addition to protecting vital organs and giving mechanical support for muscles and joints, provides a mineral reservoir essential for calcium homeostasis, together with the microenvironment essential for hematopoiesis. Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic bone disease, with up to a third of postmenopausal women suffering from this increasingly important public health problem. Key characteristics include low bone mineral density with microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue leading to increased susceptibility to fragility fractures.
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