Treatment of relapsed refractory multiple myeloma: which new PI-based combination treatments do patients prefer?
Received 8 August 2018
Accepted for publication 29 September 2018
Published 9 November 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2387—2396
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
Thomas Wilke,1 Sabrina Mueller,2 Sabine Bauer,2 Silvia Pitura,3 Leona Probst,3 Boris A Ratsch,3 Hans Salwender4
1Institut für Pharmakoökonomie und Arzneimittellogistik (IPAM), 23966 Wismar, Germany; 2Ingress-Health, 23966 Wismar, Germany; 3Takeda Pharma Vertrieb GmbH & Co. KG, 10117 Berlin, Germany; 4Asklepios Kliniken Hamburg GmbH, 22763 Hamburg, Germany
Background and objectives: This study describes preferences of German relapsed refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) patients with novel proteasome inhibitor-based combination treatments.
Methods: Patients with a minimum age of 18 years and a diagnosis of RRMM were included. Their preferences were assessed using a discrete choice experiment design, which was developed based on a literature review and two patient focus group discussions. The final discrete choice experiment design consisted of four attributes, namely “therapy application regimen,” “time without progression of disease,” “possibility of grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) affecting the blood,” and “possibility of grade ≥3 AE heart failure.”
Results: Analysis was based on 84 patients (36.9% females, mean age 62.7 years, mean multiple myeloma disease duration 5.5 years). Among the tested attributes, “therapy application regimen” was assigned the highest importance for treatment decisions (38.8%), the second important attribute was “time without progression of disease” (38.7%), followed by “possibility of AE heart failure” (13.9%) and “possibility of AEs affecting the blood” (8.6%). Patients preferred oral intake once a day and once a week over other application modes such as oral intake once a day and once a week plus twice-weekly infusions. Furthermore, they preferred longer disease progression-free time and lower risk of grade ≥3 AEs. The highest overall utility was derived for ixazomib + lenalidomide + dexamethasone (utility: 3.218), compared with lenalidomide + dexamethasone (2.769), and carfilzomib + lenalidomide + dexamethasone (1.928).
Conclusion: RRMM patients prefer treatments with an all-oral application, a longer disease-progression-free time, and a lower probability of AEs. If patients face tradeoffs, they accept a lower progression-free time and/or higher AE rates to get an all-oral therapy.
Keywords: MM patient’s treatment preferences, relapsed refractory multiple myeloma, RRMM, discrete choice experiment, DCE
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