Treatment of age-related macular degeneration: focus on ranibizumab
Authors Spitzer MS, Ziemssen F, Bartz-Schmidt KU, Gelisken F, Szurman P
Published 7 March 2008 Volume 2008:2(1) Pages 1—14
Martin S Spitzer, Focke Ziemssen, Karl U Bartz-Schmidt, Faik Gelisken, Peter Szurman
Tuebingen University Eye Center, University of Tuebingen, Germany
Abstract: Ranibizumab, a humanized antigen-binding fragment (Fab) that binds all isoforms of VEGF-A, significantly slows down loss of vision and causes significant visual improvement in many patients with choroidal neovascularization (CNV) due to exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). These benefits of intravitreal ranibizumab apply to all angiographic subtypes of neovascular AMD and across all lesion sizes when the drug is injected at monthly intervals as shown in two pivotal phase III trials (ANCHOR and MARINA). The results from the PrONTO study suggest that less frequent treatment with ranibizumab through a variable dosing regimen dependent on optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings is a treatment option that results in comparably favorable visual outcomes. Currently, it is unclear whether combination therapy of ranibizumab with photodynamic therapy (PDT) provides any significant advantage over ranibizumab monotherapy (FOCUS trial); however, the combination of PDT and ranibizumab may decrease the need for frequent retreatment. This question will be addressed in the SUMMIT trial. Therapy with ranibizumab is generally very well tolerated with a low rate of seriously adverse ocular events or systemic side-effects. The advent of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors has revolutionized the therapy of neovascular AMD. Ranibizumab at the moment appears to be the most effective approved treatment for neovascular AMD.
Keywords: Lucentis, ranibizumab, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), age-related macular degeneration (AMD), neovascular, exudative AMD, treatment
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