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Toll-Like Receptor 4 and Inflammatory Micro-Environment of Pancreatic Islets in Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Therapeutic Perspective

Authors Wang Z, Ni X, Zhang L, Sun L, Zhu X, Zhou Q, Yang Z, Yuan H

Received 27 August 2020

Accepted for publication 20 October 2020

Published 10 November 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 4261—4272


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou

Zhaoping Wang,1 Xiaolin Ni,1,2 Li Zhang,1 Liang Sun,1 Xiaoquan Zhu,1 Qi Zhou,1 Ze Yang,1 Huiping Yuan1

1The MOH Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Huiping Yuan
The MOH Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Dongdan DaHua Road 1#, Beijing 100730, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-10-58115043
Fax +86-10-65237929

Abstract: Patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) display chronic low-grade inflammation induced by activation of the innate immune system. Toll-like receptor (TLR)4 is a pattern recognition receptor that plays a vital part in activation of the innate immune system. Results from animal and computer-simulation studies have demonstrated that targeting TLR4 to block the TLR4-nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathway reduces the inflammatory response and complications associated with T2DM. Therefore, TLR4-targeted therapy has broad prospects. Here, we reviewed the role of TLR4 in inflammation during chronic hyperglycemia in T2DM and its therapeutic prospects.

Keywords: T2DM, TLRS, TLR4, inflammation, TLR4 treatment

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