Timing of neovascular regression in eyes with high-risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy without macular edema treated initially with intravitreous bevacizumab
Received 2 August 2018
Accepted for publication 26 November 2018
Published 19 December 2018 Volume 2019:13 Pages 27—31
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Faiz I Shakarchi,1,2 Ahmed F Shakarchi,3 Shadha A Al-Bayati2
1Department of Ophthalmology, Al-Mustansiriya University – College of Medicine, Baghdad, Iraq; 2Vitreoretinal Department, Ibn Al-Haetham Teaching Eye Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq; 3Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
Purpose: To determine the timing of neovascular regression after intravitreous injection of bevacizumab (Avastin®) 1.25 mg given as initial therapy for eyes with high-risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) without clinically significant macular edema (CSME).
Patients and methods: In this prospective uncontrolled interventional study, eyes with high-risk PDR without CSME were treated initially with intravitreous injections of bevacizumab 1.25 mg given every 4 weeks until no neovessels were detected, followed by standard pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP). Patients were examined 48 hours, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after each injection to determine the status of neovascularization.
Results: Twenty-one patients (24 eyes) were included in the study. Forty-eight hours after the first injection of bevacizumab, we observed complete neovascular regression in 20 (83%) eyes. Neovascular regression was maintained in the same number of eyes in the first 2 weeks. At 4 weeks, three eyes displayed neovascular recurrence, and a second injection of bevacizumab was given to the seven eyes with persistent or recurrent neovascularization. Complete neovascular regression was observed in six (86%) eyes after 48 hours and was maintained for 2 weeks following the second bevacizumab injection. Two eyes required a third injection and had complete neovascular regression when assessed after 48 hours and 4 weeks.
Conclusion: The majority of neovessels completely regressed within 48 hours after intravitreous injection of bevacizumab given as initial therapy for high-risk PDR without CSME. The full neovascular regressive effect occurred within 48 hours and was maintained for at least 2 weeks.
Keywords: proliferative diabetic retinopathy, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF), bevacizumab
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