Timed Up and Go: Reference Values for Community-Dwelling Older Adults with and without Arthritis and Non-Communicable Diseases: The Tromsø Study
Received 27 November 2020
Accepted for publication 26 January 2021
Published 23 February 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 335—343
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Nandu Goswami
Odd-Einar Svinøy,1 Gunvor Hilde,1 Astrid Bergland,1 Bjørn Heine Strand2
1Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway; 2Department of Chronic Diseases and Ageing, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
Correspondence: Odd-Einar Svinøy
Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University, PO Box 4, St. Olavs Plass, Oslo, 0130, Norway
Purpose: The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test is used to assess a person’s mobility and balance. We aimed to provide updated reference values for TUG performance for the community-dwelling older population according to age and sex, and according to the presence of arthritis and non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
Participants and Methods: Cross-sectional data from the seventh wave (2015– 2016) of the population-based Norwegian Tromsø Study counting 5400 community-dwelling people (53% women), aged 60– 84 years were used. Reference values were presented as percentiles and means for men and women by age at five-year intervals.
Results: Median TUG score was stable during age 60– 65 years, and after age 65 years median TUG score increased significantly with age (increase by 0.14 sec per 1 year higher age in both men and women, p< 0.001). At the youngest ages (< 65 years), in both men and women, there were no differences in TUG performance for those with NCD or arthritis compared to those without these diseases. After age 65 however, those without these diseases performed significantly better (p< 0.05) in both men and women.
Conclusion: The present study provided percentile reference values for TUG performance in community-dwelling older adults in Norway by age and sex, and in subgroups of those having arthritis and NCDs. TUG scores increased with age, and performance was significantly poorer among participants with arthritis or NCDs after age 65 years. The findings may guide clinical interventions for individuals with mobility and balance disabilities.
Keywords: arthritis, geriatric assessment, non-communicable diseases, physical function, reference values, Timed Up and Go
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