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Time-dependent alterations in serum NO concentration after oral administration of L-arginine, L-NAME, and allopurinol in intestinal ischemia/reperfusion

Authors Yanni AE, Margaritis E, Liarakos N, Pantopoulou A, Poulakou M, Kostakis M, Perrea D, Kostakis A

Published 11 April 2008 Volume 2008:4(2) Pages 437—441


Amalia E Yanni1, Eleutherios Margaritis2, Nikolaos Liarakos2, Alkisti Pantopoulou2, Maria Poulakou2, Maria Kostakis2, Despoina Perrea2, Alkis Kostakis3

1Department of Science of Dietetics and Nutrition, Harokopio University of Athens, Athens, Greece, 2Laboratory of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece, 32nd Department of Propedeutic Surgery, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Objective: To study the effect of oral administration of a nitric oxide (NO) donor L-arginine (L-Arg), a NO synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, allopurinol (Allo), on serum NO concentration and catalase activity after intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats.

Methods: Male Wistar rats received per os L-Arg (800 mg/kg) or L-NAME (50 mg/kg) or Allo (100 mg/kg) 24 hrs, 12 hrs and 1 hr before underwent 1 hr occlusion of superior mesenteric artery followed by 1 hr of reperfusion (L-Arg(IR1), L-NAME(IR1) and Allo(IR1) respectively) or 1 hr occlusion followed by 8 hrs of reperfusion (L-Arg(IR8), L-NAME(IR8) and Allo(IR8) respectively). There was one group underwent 1 hr occlusion (I), a group underwent 1 hr occlusion followed by 1 hr reperfusion (IR1), a group subjected to 1 hr occlusion followed by 8 hrs of reperfusion (IR8) and a last group that served as control (C). Serum NO concentration and catalase activity were measured.

Results: After 1 hr of reperfusion serum NO concentration was elevated in IR1 and L-Arg(IR1) groups compared with group C but not in L-NAME(IR1) and Allo(IR1) group. Catalase activity was enhanced in L-NAME(IR1) group. Interestingly, serum NO concentration was increased after 8 hrs of reperfusion in all groups (IR8, L-Arg(IR8), L-NAME(IR8) and Allo(IR8)) compared with control while catalase activity did not show significant difference in any group.

Conclusions: The results of the present study show that NO concentration is elevated in serum after intestinal I/R and the elevation sustained after administration of L-Arg but not after administration of L-NAME or Allo after 1 hr reperfusion. However, after 8 hrs of reperfusion NO concentration was increased in all groups studied, focusing attention on its possible important role in a complicated situation such as intestinal I/R that involves intestine and other organs. Serum catalase activity does not seem to be affected by per os supplementation of L-Arg or Allo in intestinal I/R.

Keywords: intestine, ischemia-reperfusion, nitric oxide, L-Arginine, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, allopurinol

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