Back to Journals » Clinical Ophthalmology » Volume 7

Three-dimensional LASIK flap thickness variability: topographic central, paracentral and peripheral assessment, in flaps created by a mechanical microkeratome (M2) and two different femtosecond lasers (FS60 and FS200)

Authors Kanellopoulos AJ, Asimellis G

Received 27 November 2012

Accepted for publication 17 January 2013

Published 3 April 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 675—683


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Video abstract presented by A John Kanellopoulos

Views: 326

A John Kanellopoulos,1,2 George Asimellis1 Institute, Athens, Greece; 2NYU Medical School, New York, USA

Purpose: To evaluate programmed versus achieved laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap central thickness and investigate topographic flap thickness variability, as well as the effect of potential epithelial remodeling interference on flap thickness variability.
Patients and methods: Flap thickness was investigated in 110 eyes that had had bilateral myopic LASIK several years ago (average 4.5 ± 2.7 years; range 2–7 years). Three age-matched study groups were formed, based on the method of primary flap creation: Group A (flaps made by the Moria Surgical M2 microkeratome [Antony, France]), Group B (flaps made by the Abbott Medical Optics IntraLase™ FS60 femtosecond laser [Santa Ana, CA, USA]), and Group C (flaps made by the Alcon WaveLight® FS200 femtosecond laser [Fort Worth, TX, USA]). Whole-cornea topographic maps of flap and epithelial thickness were obtained by scanning high-frequency ultrasound biomicroscopy. On each eye, topographic flap and epithelial thickness variability was computed by the standard deviation of thickness corresponding to 21 equally spaced points over the entire corneal area imaged.
Results: The average central flap thickness for each group was 138.33 ± 12.38 µm (mean ± standard deviation) in Group A, 128.46 ± 5.72 µm in Group B, and 122.00 ± 5.64 µm in Group C. Topographic flap thickness variability was 9.73 ± 4.93 µm for Group A, 8.48 ± 4.23 µm for Group B, and 4.84 ± 1.88 µm for Group C. The smaller topographic flap thickness variability of Group C (FS200) was statistically significant compared with that of Group A (M2) (P = 0.004), indicating improved topographic flap thickness consistency – that is, improved precision – over the entire flap area affected.
Conclusions: The two femtosecond lasers produced a smaller flap thickness and reduced variability than the mechanical microkeratome. In addition, our study suggests that there may be a significant difference in topographic flap thickness variability between the results achieved by the two femtosecond lasers examined.

Keywords: Moria M2, IntraLase FS60, WaveLight® FS200, Allegretto Wave® Eye-Q, 400 Hz excimer, ultrasound biomicroscopy

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]


Other articles by this author:

Comparison of prophylactic higher fluence corneal cross-linking to control, in myopic LASIK, one year results

Kanellopoulos AJ, Asimellis G, Karabatsas C

Clinical Ophthalmology 2014, 8:2373-2381

Published Date: 27 November 2014

OCT corneal epithelial topographic asymmetry as a sensitive diagnostic tool for early and advancing keratoconus

Kanellopoulos AJ, Asimellis G

Clinical Ophthalmology 2014, 8:2277-2287

Published Date: 18 November 2014

Essential opaque bubble layer elimination with novel LASIK flap settings in the FS200 Femtosecond Laser

Kanellopoulos AJ, Asimellis G

Clinical Ophthalmology 2013, 7:765-770

Published Date: 19 April 2013

Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010