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Thermodynamics and kinetic analysis of carbon nanofibers as nanozymes

Authors Bahreini M, Movahedi M, Peyvandi M, Nematollahi F, Sepasi Tehrani H

Received 16 March 2019

Accepted for publication 5 June 2019

Published 16 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 3—10

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NSA.S208310

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Mohankandhasamy Ramasamy

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Israel (Rudi) Rubinstein


Maziar Bahreini,1 Monireh Movahedi,2 Maryam Peyvandi,3 Fereshteh Nematollahi,4 Hessam Sepasi Tehrani2

1Department of Chemistry, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; 2Department of Cellular and Molecular, Faculty of Biological Sciences, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; 3Department of Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; 4Department of Chemistry, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Purpose: Evaluation of structural features, thermodynamics and kinetic properties of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) as artificial nanoscale enzymes (nanozyme).
Methods: Synthesis of CNFs was done using chemical vapor deposition, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) were used to provide information on the morphology, elemental monitoring and impurity assay of the CNFs. The thermal features of the CNFs were evaluated using differential thermal analysis (DTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) derivative and TGA. The calculated thermo-physical parameters were melting temperature (Tm), weight loss maximum temperature (Tmax) and enthalpy of fusion (ΔHfusion). Catalytic activity was assayed by a 4-aminoantypyrine (4-AAP)-H2O2 coupled colorimetric system by UV-visible spectroscopy.
Results: FE-SEM and TEM analysis demonstrated parallel graphitic layers and uniformity of atomic orientation and morphology. The EDX spectra approved carbon element as major signal and presence of partial Ti as impurities of CNFs during CVD process. The DTA thermogram showed the endothermic process had a maximum temperature of 82.27°C at −15.48 mV and that thermal decomposition occurred at about 200°C. The TGA-differential gravimetric analysis thermogram showed that Tmax was 700°C. The DSC heat flow curve showed a melting temperature (Tm) of 254.52°C, ΔHfusion of 3.84 J^.g−1, area under the curve of 58.58 mJ and Te (onset) and Tf (end set) temperatures of 246.60°C and 285.67°C, respectively. The peroxidase activity of the CNFs obeyed the Michaelis–Menten equation with a double-reciprocal curve and the calculated Km, Kcat and Vmax kinetic parameters.
Conclusion: CNFs as peroxidase nanozymes are intrinsically strong and stable nanocatalysts under difficult thermal conditions. The peroxidase activity was demonstrated, making these CNFs candidates for analytical tools under extreme conditions.

Keywords: nanozyme, carbon nanofibers, 4-AAP

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