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Therapeutic Potential of Dupilumab in the Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps: Evidence to Date

Authors Kim J, Naclerio R

Received 19 November 2019

Accepted for publication 21 December 2019

Published 23 January 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 31—37

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S210648

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh


Video abstract presented by Jean Kim.

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Jean Kim,1,2 Robert Naclerio1

1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Department of Medicine: Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA

Correspondence: Jean Kim
Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 4940 Eastern Ave, Suite A102B, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Tel +1 410-550-0460
Fax +1 410-550-2871
Email jeankim@jhmi.edu

Abstract: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) is one of the most severe forms of chronic rhinosinusitis. CRSwNP is characterized by nasal and facial congestion, loss of sense of smell, rhinorrhea, and post-nasal drip. Treatments have been ineffective at controlling disease recurrence, despite multiple courses of medical and surgical therapies. Oral glucocorticoid therapy is often used to control exacerbations leaving the patient exposed to steroid-induced adverse effects. Thus, there is a clear unmet need for new treatments to achieve better control of the disease. Advances in understanding Type 2 inflammatory processes that occur in about 80% of the Western world patients with CRSwNP have resulted in new avenues for disease control. Biologics in the form of monoclonal antibodies, which target Type 2 inflammation, have helped control the severest forms of atopic dermatitis and asthma. Treatment regimes for CRSwNP now include biologics. In July 2019, dupilumab was the first monoclonal antibody to gain FDA approval for the treatment of CRSwNP. In this review, we summarize the proof of concept clinical trials and Phase 3 trials leading to approval of dupilumab, an anti-IL4 alpha receptor antagonist that blocks the actions of both IL4 and IL13. These studies show that dupilumab is a proven treatment option to control disease. Collective studies demonstrate a high safety profile. Questions arise as to the best use of dupilumab in the context of current treatment paradigms, and for which sub-population of the varied heterogeneous endotypes of CRSwNP patients. Recognizing the high cost of biologics forces the need for cost-effectiveness analysis.

Keywords: chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps, Type 2 inflammation, dupilumab

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