The role of argon plasma coagulation in the management of Barrett's esophagus: a single-center experience
Yahia Z Gad1, Adel A Zeid2
1Associate Professor of Internal Medicine, Mansoura Specialized Medical Hospital, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt; 2Consultant Surgeon, Al Nil Hospital, Mansaura, Egypt
Background/aim: Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) are 30 times more likely to develop esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) than the general population. Data regarding the use of argon plasma coagulation (APC) for treatment of patients with BE in Egypt are still limited. This article discusses the efficacy and safety of APC as a thermoablative modality in Egyptian patients with BE.
Materials and methods: A total of 73 referred eligible patients with a confirmed endoscopic and histopathologic diagnosis of BE were enrolled in this study and subjected to thermoablation by high-power (hp)-APC equipment at a 60 W setting until complete ablation or a maximum of five sessions and were followed up clinically and endoscopically at 3-month intervals. Computer-generated randomization allocated patients into APC-treated and control groups (n = 75), all of whom were treated with a proton pump inhibitor.
Results: Minor and major complications occurred in 8 of 73 (10.95%) and 1 of 73 (1.36%) patients, respectively. Macroscopic ablation was achieved after one session in 37 of 73 (50.63%) patients, and complete histologic ablation was confirmed after 167 sessions in 69 of 73 (94.52%) patients. At 1-year follow-up, no relapses of BE or progression to EAC were observed.
Conclusion: hp-APC at a medium-energy setting of 60 W in an acid-reduced environment can ablate BE effectively and safely with promising initial results.
Keywords: Barrett's esophagus, argon plasma coagulation
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