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The Relationship of Anti-Mullerian Hormone in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Patients with Different Subgroups

Authors Ran Y, Yi Q, Li C

Received 29 December 2020

Accepted for publication 5 March 2021

Published 25 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 1419—1424

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S299558

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Juei-Tang Cheng


Yu Ran, Qiang Yi, Cong Li

Department of Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Cong Li
Department of Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No. 1 YouYi Road, YuZhong District, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China
Tel +8615334506105
Fax +86023 89011080
Email [email protected]

Purpose: To explore the value of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with different phenotypes and ages, and to identify the relationship between hyperandrogenism (HA) and polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM), in a Chinese cohort.
Methods: A total of 2262 women (1631 with PCOS and 631 controls) were enrolled. The serum AMH and total testosterone (TT) were analyzed, the AMH levels of each subgroup were compared, and the value of each phenotype and age group of patients with PCOS was evaluated.
Results: The level of AMH in women with PCOS (mean±SD, 8.63± 4.73 ng/mL) was higher than that in controls (5.57± 3.31 ng/mL) (P< 0.01). The level of AMH in the PCOM subgroup (11.19± 6.4 ng/mL) was significantly higher than that in the HA subgroup (8.58± 4.74 ng/mL) (P< 0.01), and both were higher than that in controls (P< 0.01). AMH was higher in PCOS patients than in controls, but the same values were found in subgroups of PCOS patients under 30 years old.
Conclusion: AMH changed in different subgroups of PCOS, which was the possible reason why AMH was not a diagnostic indicator. However, AMH could help to differentiate between clinical subgroups, as it was strongly related with PCOM but not with HA. AMH changed substantially with age, but was stable in PCOS patients under 30 years old.

Keywords: anti-Mullerian hormone, polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovary morphology

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