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The Prognostic Value of the Serum Levels of Brain Natriuretic Peptide, Troponin I, and D-Dimer, in Addition to the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, for the Disease Evaluation of Patients with Acute Pulmonary Embolism

Authors Bi W, Liang S, He Z, Jin Y, Lang Z, Liu H, Wang Y, Li S

Received 6 November 2020

Accepted for publication 31 December 2020

Published 28 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 303—308

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S288975

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Wenmiao Bi,1,* Shaoqing Liang,2,* Zhihong He,2 Ying Jin,2 Zhe Lang,2 Hongjuan Liu,2 Yi Wang,2 Shuhong Li2

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shijiazhuang People’s Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050031, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Shijiazhuang People’s Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050031, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Zhihong He; Ying Jin
Department of Emergency Medicine, Shijiazhuang People’s Hospital, 365 Jianhuanan Street, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei 050031, People’s Republic of China
Tel/Fax +86 311-69089120
Email hezhihong_hzh83@21cn.com; jinying_shk23@21cn.com

Objective: The present study aims to investigate whether the serum levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), troponin I (TnI), and D-dimer, in addition to the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), can be used to determine the prognosis of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE).
Methods: Data were collected from 72 patients that were diagnosed with APE in our hospital from January 2015 to December 2018. These patients were divided into three groups: a high-risk group (n = 10), a moderate-risk group (n = 33), and a low-risk group (n = 29). The serum levels of BNP, TnI, and D-dimer were determined, and the NLR was measured. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic value of the single and combined detection of BNP, TnI, and D-dimer, and the NLR was used to determine the prognosis of patients with APE.
Results: The serum levels of BNP, TnI, and D-dimer were significantly higher in the high-risk group than they were in the moderate-risk and low-risk groups (P < 0.05). The serum levels of BNP, TnI, and D-dimer were also significantly higher in the moderate-risk group than they were in the low-risk group (P < 0.05). The serum levels of BNP, TnI, and D-dimer, as well as the NLR, were all significantly higher in the death group than they were in the survival group (P < 0.05). For the combined detection of the four indices, the area under the ROC curve was 0.92, the sensitivity was 0.889, and the specificity was 0.904; each of these values was higher than the corresponding values of single detection.
Conclusion: In patients with APE, higher serum levels of BNP, TnI, D-dimer and NLR are associated with a higher risk stratification, greater severity of disease, and an increased risk of death.

Keywords: brain natriuretic peptide, troponin I, D-dimer, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, pulmonary thromboembolism, acute pulmonary embolism

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