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The Prognosis Of Peroxiredoxin Family In Breast Cancer

Authors Wang G, Zhong WC, Bi YH, Tao SY, Zhu H, Zhu HX, Xu AM

Received 31 August 2019

Accepted for publication 2 November 2019

Published 14 November 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 9685—9699

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S229389

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Melinda Thomas

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Bilikere Dwarakanath


Gang Wang,1,* Wan-Chao Zhong,2,* Yi-Hui Bi,3 Si-Yue Tao,4 Hai Zhu,5 Hai-Xing Zhu,6 A-Man Xu1

1Department of General Surgery, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230001, People’s Republic of China; 2State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230001, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Orthopaedics, Anhui Provincial Hospital Affiliated with Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230001, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department Of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230001, People’s Republic of China; 6Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Anhui Provincial Cancer Hospital, Hefei 230001, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: A-Man Xu
Department of General Surgery, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230001, People’s Republic of China
Email amanxuahmu@126.com

Purpose: PRDX (Peroxiredoxin) family has involved in breast cancer tumorigenesis from the evidence obtained from cell lines, human tissues and mouse models. Nonetheless, the diversified expression patterns, coupled with the prognostic values of PRDX family, still require explanation. This study aimed at investigating the clinical importance and biological of PRDXs in breast cancer.
Patients and methods: Specimens of paraffin sections used for immunohistochemistry were collected from the hospital and the remaining patient information was retrieved from online databases. The expression and survival data of PRDXs in patients with breast cancer were from ONCOMINE, GEPIA, Kaplan–Meier Plotter. cBioPortal, Metascape, String, Cytoscape and DAVID were used to predict functions and pathways of the changes in PRDXs and their frequently altered neighbor genes. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of PRDXs in breast cancer.
Results: We discovered the expression levels of PRDX1-5 were higher in breast cancer tissues than in normal tissues, whereas the expression level of PRDX6 was observed as lower in the former one in comparison with that of the latter one. There existed a correlation between the expression levels of PRDX4, 5 and the advanced tumor stage. Survival analysis revealed that the expression of PRDXs were all associated with relapse-free survival (RFS) in all of the patients with breast cancer. Eventually, we discovered significant regulation of the cellular oxidant detoxification and detoxification of ROS by the PRDX changes, together with obtaining the core modules of genes (TXN, TXN2, TXNRD1, TXNRD2, GPX1 and GPX2) linked to the PRDX family of genes in breast cancer.
Conclusion: The PRDX family is widely involved in the development of breast cancer and affects the prognosis of patients. The functions and pathways of the changes in PRDXs and their frequently altered neighbor genes can be further verified by wet experiments.

Keywords: PRDXs, breast cancer, prognosis, Kaplan-Meier plot

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