The Occurrence of Metabolic Risk Factors Stratified by Psoriasis Severity: A Swedish Population-Based Matched Cohort Study
Received 4 March 2020
Accepted for publication 22 June 2020
Published 13 July 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 737—744
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Vera Ehrenstein
Mohammadhossein Hajiebrahimi,1,2 Ci Song,3 David Hägg,1 Therese M-L Andersson,4 Reginald Villacorta,5 Marie Linder1
1Centre for Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Public Health Faculty, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran; 3Janssen GCSO, Stockholm, Sweden; 4Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 5Market Access Department, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Horsham, PA, USA
Correspondence: Mohammadhossein Hajiebrahimi Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Purpose: To assess the relative risk of metabolic risk factors in patients stratified by psoriasis severity compared with population controls.
Patients and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using national Swedish registers. Adult patients with psoriasis were selected if they had a dispensing of anti-psoriasis prescription (2007– 2013) and at least one diagnosis within five years before the dispensing date. The patients with psoriasis were matched 1:10 to controls from the general population on birth year, sex, and county. The cohort was further divided into three disease severity groups (mild, moderate, or severe) based on their dispensed anti-psoriasis medication. Subjects were followed from the index date until censoring. We applied flexible parametric modeling to understand the risks of the incident comorbidities hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus among patients with psoriasis from 6 months through 10 years. Hazard ratios and predicted risk (ie, 1 minus the survival probability) of comorbidities were reported.
Results: The hazard of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus is higher among psoriasis patients compared with population controls, and the hazard ratio increases with psoriasis severity. For example, HRs of hypertension for patients with mild, moderate, and severe psoriasis are 1.29 (95% CI: 1.27– 1.32), 1.35 (95% CI: 1.32– 1.38), and 1.73 (95% CI: 1.64– 1.82), respectively. The predicted risk of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus among patients with severe psoriasis at year ten was 0.58 (95% CI: 0.56, 0.59), 0.33 (95% CI: 0.32, 0.35), and 0.21 (95% CI: 0.20, 0.23), respectively, while it was 0.42 (0.41, 0.43), 0.23 (0.22, 0.23), 0.11 (0.10, 0.11) among controls, respectively. The predicted risk at year ten was similar among patients with mild or moderate psoriasis.
Conclusion: The HRs and predicted risks of metabolic risk factors are higher among patients with psoriasis compared with matched controls and are more prominent among the severe psoriasis group.
Keywords: psoriasis severity, predicted risk, survival probability, population-based, metabolic risk factors
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