The mean platelet volume on admission predicts unfavorable stroke outcomes in patients treated with IV thrombolysis
Received 22 November 2018
Accepted for publication 31 January 2019
Published 27 February 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 493—503
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker
Jacek Staszewski,1 Aleksandra Pogoda,1 Kamila Data,1 Klaudia Walczak,1 Maciej Nowocień,2 Emilia Frankowska,2 Adam Stępień1
1Clinic of Neurology, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland; 2Department of Radiology, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
Purpose: The role of biomarkers in the prediction of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) outcome or response to thrombolytic therapy (with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator [rt-PA]) remains limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether mean platelet volume (MPV) could predict short-term functional outcome in patients with AIS following rt-PA treatment.
Patients and methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 237 AIS patients (mean age 71.04±0.8 years, 50.6% women) consecutively admitted to a tertiary care center between 2011 and 2015.
Results: The mean MPV in the cohort was 9.8±0.35 fL (lowest tertile 8.8 fL). Patients in the lowest tertile compared to median and highest tertiles were less often dependent (modified Rankin scale [mRS] ≥3) at admission (87.2% vs 96.1% and 96.1%, respectively, P=0.04) and less often had a poor stroke outcome (mRS 4–6) at discharge (28.2% vs 55.3% and 44.7%, P<0.01). However, there was no significant difference between tertiles with regard to AIS etiology, CT (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT) score, frequency of stroke due to large artery occlusion, risk of secondary hemorrhage, and early neurologic deterioration. Multivariable analysis after adjustment for confounders showed that patients in the second and third tertiles had a significantly higher risk of poor stroke outcome (OR =1.9, 95% CI =1.01–4), lack of early improvement (OR =1.91, 95% CI =1.05–3.47), lower chance of good outcome (mRS 0–2; OR =0.38, 95% CI =0.18–0.78), or minor stroke at discharge (OR =0.47, 95% CI =0.26–0.84). Receiver operating characteristic analysis for prediction of poor stroke outcome showed that the optimal cut-off point of MPV was 8.8 fL (area under the curve 0.586 [0.512–0.659], P=0.03) with a sensitivity of 82.7% and a specificity of 43.9%.
Conclusion: Disabling or fatal ischemic stroke in thrombolyzed patients was observed more often in patients with high admission MPV. The prognostic value of MPV was independent of other well-defined individual risk factors.
Keywords: acute ischemic stroke, rt-PA, prognosis, MPV, biomarker, platelet activity, reperfusion
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