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The level of awareness and the attitude of patients recommended for use of compression stockings in Turkish society, and investigation of the factors affecting their use

Authors Manduz Ş, Ada F, Ada Y

Received 17 November 2017

Accepted for publication 31 December 2017

Published 16 March 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 399—407

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S157344

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen


Şinasi Manduz,1 Fatih Ada,1 Yusuf Ada2

1Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey; 2Department of Business Administration, Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Sivas, Turkey

Objective: The purpose of this study was to reveal the treatment outlook, usage habits, and factors affecting these habits, in addition to providing suggestions for solutions for patients who are frequently recommended the use of compression stockings as treatment for conditions such as chronic venous insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis, lymphedema, and pregnancy.
Methods: The study was conducted as a face-to-face questionnaire session with 1,004 patients who had previously registered at the cardiovascular surgeon’s polyclinic of Sivas Numune Hospital between March 29, 2017, and October 31, 2017. In the study, basic criteria such as the patients’ history, physical examination findings, and the use of compression stockings were evaluated. The survey was conducted in patients who were recommended compression stockings treatment for conditions such as chronic venous insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis, lymphedema, or pregnancy. The patients were asked about their demographics, characteristics of the compression stockings, whether compression stockings were used or not, and doctor evaluations related to the diagnosis.
Results: At the end of the study, it was found that 20.5% of the patients who were recommended compression stockings never bought them and only 11.5% of the patients regularly used them. Another surprising detail was that only 54.7% of the patients thought that the compression stockings were part of the treatment and 44.0% of the patients thought that they would benefit from using them.
Conclusion: In many guidelines, use of compression stockings is the cornerstone of treatment of venous diseases. However, when the treatment incompatibility of the patients is taken into account, many duties fall to the doctors. The first of these is to inform the patient about the treatment and to answer any questions from the patients. In addition, the socioeconomic and sociocultural status of patients should be considered by the doctors.

Keywords: venous insufficiency, varicose veins, pregnancy, compression therapy, compression stockings

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