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The Knowledge and Attitude of the Community from the Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia, Toward COVID-19 and Their Precautionary Measures Against the Disease

Authors Khaled A, Siddiqua A, Makki S

Received 20 July 2020

Accepted for publication 3 September 2020

Published 30 September 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1825—1834

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S271899

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto


Arwa Khaled,1,2 Ayesha Siddiqua,1 Soha Makki1

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University Hospital,Beni-Suef University, Beni Suef 62515, Egypt

Correspondence: Arwa Khaled Department of Clinical Pharmacy
Beni-Suef University Hospital,Beni-Suef University, Beni Suef 62515, Egypt
Email [email protected]

Background: Community adherence to current control measures is one of the vital factors that determines the success of controlling the spread of COVID-19. This adherence depends on the knowledge and attitude of a community toward COVID-19 and their precautionary measures against the disease.
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of the community from the Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia, toward COVID-19 and their precautionary measures against the disease.
Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study involved an online sample of participants from the Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia, who were recruited based on a nonprobability convenience sampling method from April to May 2020. The self-administered online questionnaire comprised four parts: the first included the demographic details of the participants; the second consisted of 11 closed-ended questions that assessed the participants’ knowledge of COVID-19; the third contained six closed-ended questions that assessed the participants’ overall attitude toward COVID-19; and the fourth comprised six closed-ended questions on the participants’ precautionary measures against COVID-19. The data were analyzed using Statistisoftware SPSS 21.0.
Results: Altogether, 740 participants completed the online questionnaire. The mean knowledge score concerning COVID-19 was 8.08 ± 1.765. Graduate participants scored significantly higher for all knowledge items than those from other educational levels. Furthermore, the main source of COVID-19 information was the Ministry of Health website 661 (89.3%). The mean attitude score regarding COVID-19 was 9.74 ± 1.935, whereas the mean precautionary measures score was 10.09 ± 1.91. University-educated participants scored significantly higher for all knowledge items than those from other educational levels. Female participants had significantly higher precautionary measures scores than male participants.
Conclusion: This study confirms that residents of the Aseer Region have high knowledge of, demonstrate a positive attitude toward, and use appropriate precautionary measures against COVID-19, which is associated with obtaining information about the virus from the Ministry of Health website.

Keywords: knowledge, attitude, precautionary measures, coronavirus

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