The Iranian Protocol of Group Reminiscence and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Institutionalized Older People
Received 21 June 2020
Accepted for publication 7 September 2020
Published 28 September 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1027—1034
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Ahmad Kousha,1 Adnan Sayedi,1 Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam,2 Hossein Matlabi1
1Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2Department of Public Health, Khalkhal University of Medical Sciences, Khalkhal, Iran
Correspondence: Hossein Matlabi
Faculty of Health Sciences, Attare Neishabouri St, Tabriz 5165665811, Iran
Purpose: Reminiscence has a positive role in improving memory performance. It may increase the attention of the older adults to themselves, helping them to cope with the crises and the process of aging. We aimed to investigate the impacts of memory recalling, sharing life experiences and stories confidently from the past on promoting numerous domains of quality of life (QoL), among institutionalized older people in the Ilam province of Iran.
Methods: The study was carried out, using a quasi-experimental approach (a pre- and post-one group design). The statistical population consisted of all older people who were institutionalized in nursing homes. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 43 potential participants were recruited, and the status of QoL was assessed, using the Iranian short-form health survey (SF-36) and face to face interviews. Then, eight sessions were designed and implemented. The participants expressed their memories such as bitter and sweet memories at various periods of life, and finally, the QoL of the participants was re-evaluated according to the same questionnaire, three months after the intervention.
Results: There was a significant difference between the scores of pre- and post-intervention in most of the sub-scales of QoL, including physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health and emotional problems, emotional well-being, social functioning, and general health.
Conclusion: Reminiscence may, in certain circumstances, be an effective care option for people living in long-term care with the potential to impact positively on the QoL of residents.
Keywords: reminiscence, quality of life, older people, nursing homes, Ilam