The influence of CYP3A5 polymorphisms on haloperidol treatment in patients with alcohol addiction
Received 21 June 2017
Accepted for publication 17 November 2017
Published 28 December 2017 Volume 2018:11 Pages 1—5
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin H. Bluth
Mikhail Sergeevich Zastrozhin,1,2 Elena Anatolievna Grishina,1 Kristina Anatolievna Ryzhikova,1 Valery Valerievich Smirnov,3 Ludmila Mikhailovna Savchenko,1 Evgeny Alekseevich Bryun,1,2 Dmitry Alekseevich Sychev1
1Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 2Moscow Research and Practical Centre on Addictions, Moscow Department of Healthcare, 3National Research Center Institute of Immunology, Federal Medical-Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia
Background: Isoenzymes CYP2D6 and CYP3A4, the activity of which varies widely, are involved in metabolism of haloperidol and may influence its profile of efficacy and safety.
Objective: The primary aim of this study was to estimate the relationship between CYP3A5 gene polymorphism, activity of the CYP3A isoenzyme, and the risk of development of adverse drug reactions by haloperidol in patients with alcohol abuse.
Methods: Sixty-six male alcohol-addicted patients participated in the study. The safety of haloperidol was evaluated by Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser Side Effect Rating Scale (UKU) and Simpson–Angus Scale for extrapyramidal symptoms (SAS). The activity of CYP3A was evaluated by determining the concentrations of an endogenous substrate of this isoenzyme (cortisol) and its urinary metabolite (6-beta-hydroxycortisol, 6-B-HC). Genotyping of CYP3A5*3 was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction with allele-specific hybridization.
Results: The frequency of A-allele occurrence in Russian population was very poor (2.27%). CYP3A5*3 polymorphism had no influence on safety profile indicators of haloperidol (UKU scale: p=0.55, SAS scale: p=0.64). In addition, there was no statistical significant difference between the values of indexes of the metabolic ratio (6-B-HC/cortisol) in groups with different genotypes of CYP3A5*3: GG 5.00 (3.36; 6.39) vs AG 5.26 (2.10; 6.78) (p=0.902).
Conclusion: The frequency of A-allele occurrence of CYP3A5*3 in Russian population is very poor, and it has no high influence on the safety of haloperidol treatment; therefore, there are no reasons to take this polymorphism into account in patients with alcohol addiction who receive haloperidol.
Keywords: haloperidol, CYP3A5*, CYP3A, cortisol, alcohol use disorder
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