Back to Journals » Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine » Volume 12

The influence of an IL-4 variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism on breast cancer susceptibility

Authors AL-Eitan LN, Rababa'h DM, Alghamdi MA, Khasawneh RH

Received 24 June 2019

Accepted for publication 6 August 2019

Published 26 August 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 201—207


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin Bluth

Laith N AL-Eitan,1,2 Doaa M Rababa’h,1 Mansour A Alghamdi,3 Rame H Khasawneh4

1Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 2Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 3Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Hematopathology, King Hussein Medical Center (KHMC), Jordanian Royal Medical Services (RMS), Amman 11118, Jordan

Correspondence: Laith N AL-Eitan
Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan
Tel + 962 2 720 1000 Ext. 23464
Fax + 962 2 720 1071

Backgrounds: Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most widespread cancers globally. Understanding the etiology of BC may help in determining the various risk factors involved in its malignancy. Certain genetic mutations are considered to play a key role in increasing the risk of BC.
Objectives: In this study, we explored the correlation between a variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in the IL-4 gene and BC.
Methods: PCR and subsequent gel electrophoresis were used to genotype this variant in 360 Jordanian women (180 BC patients and 180 controls). In addition, phenotype–genotype analysis was carried out.
Results: Our findings illustrate that there is no significant relationship between the variant genotypes in the IL-4 gene and BC among Jordanian females. Other than body mass index and tumor differentiation (p< 0.05), none of the clinical and pathological parameters of BC patients exhibited any association with the variant genotypes.
Conclusions: From this study, we propose that the IL-4 genetic variant does not impact BC development and progression but that it could influence the disease prognosis.

Keywords: breast, cancer, IL-4, genetic variation, prognosis

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]