Back to Journals » Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy » Volume 14

The Impact of Vitamin D in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study in Patients with Morbid Obesity

Authors Borges-Canha M, Neves JS, Mendonça F, Silva MM, Costa C, Cabral PM, Guerreiro V, Lourenço R, Meira P, Salazar D, Ferreira MJ, Pedro J, Leite AR, von-Hafe M, Vale C, Viana S, Sande A, Belo S, Lau E, Freitas P, Carvalho D

Received 12 October 2020

Accepted for publication 21 January 2021

Published 3 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 487—495

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S286334

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Konstantinos Tziomalos


Marta Borges-Canha,1,2 João Sérgio Neves,1,2 Fernando Mendonça,1 Maria Manuel Silva,1 Cláudia Costa,3 Pedro M Cabral,4 Vanessa Guerreiro,1 Rita Lourenço,5 Patrícia Meira,5 Daniela Salazar,1 Maria João Ferreira,1 Jorge Pedro,1 Ana Rita Leite,2 Madalena von-Hafe,2 Catarina Vale,2 Sara Viana,1 Ana Sande,1 Sandra Belo,1 Eva Lau,1 Paula Freitas,1,6 Davide Carvalho1,6

1Serviço de Endocrinologia, Diabetes e Metabolismo do Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, Porto, Portugal; 2Departamento de Cirurgia e Fisiologia, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; 3Serviço de Endocrinologia do Instituto Português de Oncologia do Porto, Porto, Portugal; 4Serviço de Patologia Clínica do Centro Hospitalar Universitário Cova da Beira, Covilhã, Portugal; 5Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; 6Investigação e Inovação Em Saúde (I3s), Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal

Correspondence: Marta Borges-Canha
Serviço de Endocrinologia, Diabetes e Metabolismo do Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, Porto, 4200-319, Portugal
Tel +351918935390
Email marta.canha@gmail.com

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the association between vitamin D status and hepatic function parameters and scores: Fatty Liver Index (FLI, predictor of hepatic steatosis) and BARD (BMI, AST/ALT ratio and DM, predictor of hepatic fibrosis) in patients with morbid obesity.
Patients and Methods: Cross-sectional study including patients with morbid obesity followed in our centre between January 2010 and July 2018. Patients with missing vitamin D levels or hepatic profile parameters were excluded. We divided the population according to two cut-offs of vitamin D levels (12ng/mL and 20ng/mL).
Results: The included population (n=1124) had an average age of 43.3± 10.7 years and 84.3% were female. Seventy-point eight percent of the population had vitamin D levels lower than 20ng/mL and 34.8% lower than 12ng/dL. Patients with lower vitamin D levels (< 12ng/mL) had higher BMI, hip and waist circumferences and higher prevalence of hypertension. Higher FLI scores [OR= 0.77 (0.07), p< 0.01] and ALP levels [β= − 0.03 (− 0.06, − 0.01), p< 0.01] associated to lower vitamin D levels.
Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with a higher risk of hepatic steatosis in individuals with morbid obesity. Correction of vitamin D deficiency may have a beneficial role in the management of NAFLD in patients with morbid obesity.

Keywords: vitamin D, fatty liver, NAFLD, obesity

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]