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The impact of ribavirin on real-world adherence rates in hepatitis C patients treated with sofosbuvir plus simeprevir

Authors Walker DR, Juday TR, Manthena SR, Jing Y, Sood V

Received 24 April 2015

Accepted for publication 21 September 2015

Published 17 December 2015 Volume 2015:7 Pages 637—642


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Giorgio Lorenzo Colombo

Video abstract presented by Mr Vipan Sood.

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David R Walker, Timothy R Juday, Shivaji R Manthena, Yonghua Jing, Vipan Sood

Health Economics and Outcomes Research, AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA

Background: Combination therapy with sofosbuvir (SOF) and simeprevir (SIM) is used to treat patients with hepatitis C virus infection. It is currently unknown whether adding ribavirin (RBV) to SOF + SIM, which raises the pill count from two up to eight pills a day, impacts adherence. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of pill count on real-world adherence rates in patients treated with SOF + SIM with and without RBV.
Methods: This retrospective study assessed composite adherence to SOF and SIM over 12 weeks of treatment for two cohorts of hepatitis C patients: one initiating SOF + SIM therapy, and the other initiating SOF + SIM + RBV therapy. Analyses were conducted using MarketScan® and Optum US commercial pharmacy claims and enrollment data. Adherence was adjusted by treatment regimen, age, sex, co-pay, presence/absence of cirrhosis, treatment history, and Charlson Comorbidity Index.
Results: There was a significant difference in composite unadjusted and adjusted adherence rates for SOF and SIM for the SOF + SIM vs SOF + SIM + RBV cohorts based on MarketScan data (unadjusted, 92.6% and 89.7%, respectively; P=0.0423; adjusted, 92.2% and 88.7%, respectively; P=0.0176), but not based on Optum data (unadjusted, 94.8% and 95.6%, respectively; P=0.5618; adjusted, 94.8% and 95.1%, respectively; P=0.8589). In the MarketScan and Optum databases, there were no statistical differences in unadjusted and adjusted adherence rates for SOF. Unadjusted and adjusted adherence rates for SIM were mixed, as they were for composite adherence.
Conclusion: The impact of the addition of RBV to SOF + SIM therapy was mixed. The impact of RBV on SOF adherence was not significant in either database.

Keywords: adherence, hepatitis C, direct acting antiviral, sofosbuvir, simeprevir, ribavirin

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