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The Impact of Obesity on the Outcomes of Adult Patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia – A Single Center Retrospective Study

Authors Liu Q, Major B, Le-Rademacher J, Al-Kali AA, Alkhateeb H, Begna K, Elliott MA, Gangat N, Hogan WJ, Hook CC, Kaufmann SH, Pardanani A, Patnaik MS, Tefferi A, Wolanskyj-Spinner AP, Wei W, Litzow MR

Received 6 September 2020

Accepted for publication 28 November 2020

Published 22 January 2021 Volume 2021:11 Pages 1—9

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/BLCTT.S269748

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Dr Wilson Gonsalves


Qiuju Liu,1 Brittny Major,2 Jennifer Le-Rademacher,2 Aref A Al-Kali,3 Hassan Alkhateeb,3 Kebede Begna,3 Michelle A Elliott,3 Naseema Gangat,3 William J Hogan,3 C Christopher Hook,3 Scott H Kaufmann,3 Animesh Pardanani,3 Mrinal S Patnaik,3 Ayalew Tefferi,3 Alexandra P Wolanskyj-Spinner,3 Wei Wei,4 Mark R Litzow3

1Department of Cancer Center, Division of Hematology, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Health Sciences Research, Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 4Department of Urology, Second Division, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Mark R Litzow
Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St, Rochester, MN 55902, USA
Tel +1 507-284-2511
Email litzow.mark@mayo.edu

Introduction: Obesity is a worldwide problem that is related to cardiac disease, thrombosis and cancer. However, little is known about the impact of obesity on the outcomes of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients.
Methods: We retrospectively evaluated a cohort of 154 newly diagnosed adult ALL patients between 1994 and 2011 at Mayo Clinic (Rochester). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) international BMI classification, patients were stratified as underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese. For some analyses, patients were also stratified according to a two-sided non-obese or obese classification.
Results: The median follow-up time was 8.37 years. Obese patients were more likely to be women (p=0.024) and ≥ 60 years old (p=0.003). Five-year mortality rates were higher in obese patients than non-obese [HR 95% CI: 1.60 (1.03– 2.50) p=0.035]. This was also the case in subgroup analysis among T-cell patients although the number of patients was small [HR 95% CI: 5.42 (1.84– 15.98) p< 0.001]. There was no difference in mortality among the B-cell patients. After adjusting for baseline variables, the difference in mortality remained in several models. There was no difference in EFS or cumulative incidence of relapse rates between obese and non-obese patients among the overall population.
Discussion: In conclusion, our study suggests that adult ALL patients with obesity have lower survival rates, especially in T-cell ALL.

Keywords: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, obesity, overweight, B cell, T cell

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