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The efficacy of ampicillin and Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus in the active management of preterm premature rupture of membranes remote from term

Authors Kavak SB, Kavak E, Ilhan R, Atilgan R, Arat O, Deveci U, Sapmaz E

Received 29 May 2014

Accepted for publication 12 June 2014

Published 30 August 2014 Volume 2014:8 Pages 1169—1173

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S68552

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Salih Burcin Kavak,1 Ebru Kavak,2 Rasit Ilhan,1 Remzi Atilgan,1 Ozgur Arat,1 Ugur Deveci,3 Ekrem Sapmaz1

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Firat Medical Center, School of Medicine, Firat University, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Special Medical Park Hospital, 3Department of Pediatrics, Firat Medical Center, School of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey

Background: We aimed to investigate the treatment efficacy of ampicillin prophylaxis accompanied by Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus over the latency period following preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM).
Methods: Records of 40 patients who presented with PPROM between 230/7–316/7 weeks were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1 (n=20), treated with ampicillin; and group 2 (n=20), treated with ampicillin plus L. casei rhamnosus. Clinical and laboratory parameters were compared. Delta (∆) values of each laboratory parameter were calculated by subtracting the value at delivery from the values at admission to the clinic.
Results: Gestational weeks at delivery (28.1±0.3 weeks versus 31.5±0.4 weeks), latency periods (12.3±1.5 days versus 41.4±4.4 days), 5-minute APGAR scores (6.8±0.1 versus 7.8±0.1), and birth weights (1,320±98 g versus 1,947±128 g) were significantly higher in group 2. White blood cell (WBC) (12,820±353/mm3 versus 11,107±298/mm3), and neutrophil counts (10.7±0.5×103/L versus 8.2±0.5×103/L) were significantly lower in group 2 at delivery. The ∆WBC (2,295±74/mm3 versus -798±-406/mm3), ∆C-reactive protein (5±0.04 mg/L versus 1.6±0.2 mg/L), and ∆neutrophil (3±0.2×103/L versus 0.2±-0.1×103/L) were significantly lower in group 2.
Conclusion: It seems that addition of L. casei rhamnosus to ampicillin prolongs the latency period in patients with PPROM remote from term.

Keywords: probiotic, antibiotic, latency period

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