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The effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the incident and recurrent risk of hepatocellular carcinoma: a meta-analysis

Authors Pang Q, Jin H, Qu K, Man Z, Wang Y, Yang S, Zhou L, Liu H

Received 3 June 2017

Accepted for publication 24 August 2017

Published 20 September 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 4645—4656

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S143154

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Samir Farghaly

Qing Pang,1,* Hao Jin,1,* Kai Qu,2,* Zhongran Man,1 Yong Wang,1 Song Yang,1 Lei Zhou,1 Huichun Liu1

1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui, 2Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Recent studies have showed that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) could reduce the risk of several types of cancer. However, epidemiological evidence of the association between NSAIDs intake and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains controversial.
Methods: To assess the preventive benefit of NSAIDs in HCC, we simultaneously searched the databases of PubMed, EmBase, Web of Science, and Scopus and screened eligible publications.
Results: A total of twelve articles (published from 2000 to 2017) from five countries were identified by retrieval. We observed a significantly lower risk of HCC incidence among users of NSAIDs than among those who did not use NSAIDs (pooled hazard ratio [HR] value =0.81, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.69–0.94). No evidence of publication bias was observed (Begg’s test, P=0.755; Egger’s test, P=0.564). However, when stratified according to the categories of NSAIDs, users of non-aspirin NSAIDs (HR =0.81, 95% CI: 0.70–0.94), but not aspirin (HR =0.77, 95% CI: 0.58–1.02), showed a statistically significant reduced HCC incidence. We also found that NSAIDs use significantly reduced the recurrent risk of HCC, with a HR value of 0.79 (95% CI: 0.75–0.84), whereas there was no statistically significant association between NSAIDs use and HCC mortality, with a HR value 0.65 (95% CI: 0.40–1.06).
Conclusion: Taken together, our meta-analysis demonstrates that NSAIDs significantly reduce the incident and recurrent risk of HCC.

Keywords: NSAIDs, aspirin, hepatocellular carcinoma, incidence, recurrence

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