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The Effects of Fear and Knowledge of COVID-19 on Preventive Practice Among Pregnant Women Who Attend Antenatal Care in Northwest Ethiopia, 2020: Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Authors W/Mariam TGM, Kassie BA, Asratie MH, Abate AT

Received 10 October 2020

Accepted for publication 30 December 2020

Published 14 January 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 95—100

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S286088

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Everett F Magann


Tesfamichael G/Mariam W/Mariam,1 Belayneh Ayanaw Kassie,2 Melaku Hunie Asratie,2 Addisu Taye Abate3

1Department of Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia; 2Department of Women’s and Family Health, School of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia; 3Department of Medical Nursing, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Tesfamichael G/Mariam W/Mariam
Department of Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
Tel +251918723043
Email tesfish888@gmail.com

Background: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has infected over one million individuals with almost 50,000 deaths worldwide. COVID-19 is currently a global health threat and a public health emergency. Therefore, accurate and up-to-date information regarding prevention and control methods is essential.
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the effects of fear and knowledge of COVID-19 on preventive practices among pregnant women who attend antenatal care in northwest Ethiopia, 2020.
Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted between July and August 2020. The systematic random sampling technique was used to select 422 participants. Data collected by a face to face interview on pretested and structured questions were entered using Epi-Info version 7 and it was analyzed using SPSS version 22 software. The bivariate and multivariable logistic regression model was used to assess factors associated with COVID-19 preventive practices. Adjusted odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to determine the association between covariates and the outcome variable. The p-value less than 0.05 was considered statically significant.
Results: According to this study, good preventive practice of COVID-19 among pregnant women was found to be (47.4%). Fear of COVID-19 was (50.9%). The majority (55.0%) of the respondents had good knowledge. Fear [AOR: 2.485, 95% CI: (1.664– 3.711)] and having good knowledge [AOR: 2.308, 95% CI: (1.541– 3.457)] were significantly associated with good prevention practices among the women.
Conclusion and Recommendation: Only half of the pregnant women had good preventive practice. The findings suggest that healthcare bodies should consider these findings to develop strategies for preventive practice against COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID-19, pregnant women, fear, knowledge, northwest Ethiopia

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