The effect of pterygium surgery on contrast sensitivity and corneal topographic changes
Joo Youn Oh, Won Ryang Wee
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Purpose: To investigate the effect of pterygium surgery on corneal topography and contrast sensitivity.
Patient and methods: The IRB approved this prospective, nonrandomized, self-controlled study. Computerized videokeratography (Orbscan II) was performed in 36 patients with primary pterygia, both before and 1 month after pterygium excision with limbal-conjunctival autografting. The topographic parameters were compared. Spatial contrast sensitivity testing was performed using VCTS 6500. Differences between preoperative and postoperative values were evaluated statistically.
Results: The mean Sim K astigmatism and irregularity index, significantly decreased after pterygium surgery. The mean refractive power significantly increased after the operation. The “with-the-rule” astigmatism induced by pterygium became “against-the-rule” astigmatism after pterygium removal (P = 0.041). The contrast sensitivity of 6, 12, and 18 cycles per degree, significantly increased from 1.55 ± 0.28, 0.97 ± 0.47, and 0.29 ± 0.16 to 1.72 ± 0.18, 1.21 ± 0.44, and 0.65 ± 0.48, respectively (P = 0.007, <0.001, <0.001, respectively).
Conclusions: Pterygium surgery significantly reduces corneal topographic astigmatism and improves contrast sensitivity.
Keywords: corneal topography, visual acuity
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF]